APHTHAE are superficial ulcers of the oral mucosa, which damage the epithelium of the mouth leaving the underlying connective tissue exposed. This area subsequently becomes inflamed, causing pain and discomfort.
A COMMON DISORDER: this condition is very common, affecting about 20% of the overall population. It often appears during childhood or adolescence and the condition usually lasts for several years before it gradually disappears.
THE CAUSES OF APHTHAE ARE STILL UNCLEAR but the immune defense mechanisms is considered to play a fundamental role. A certain amount is known about the recurring forms and there are many factors that can predispose or trigger the formation of aphthae.
Some of the MAIN FACTORS THAT CAN LEAD TO THE APPEARANCE OF APHTHAE are local traumas such as those caused by removable dentures, fractured teeth or sharp food, physical and mental stress, intolerance to certain foods such as chocolate, coffee, peanuts, almonds, grains, strawberries, cheeses, tomatoes, durum wheat flour (with gluten).