Mycoses are infections caused by microscopic fungi, called mycetes which attack the skin, nails and genital areas when favourable growth conditions, such as humid environments, are present. Mycoses can occur in adults or children and generally appear as white or reddish spots on the body and are accompanied by peeling and a bothersome itching sensation.
Getting a cutaneous fungal infection is not very difficult because you can come into contact with fungi in numerous places: gyms, swimming pools and even the beach. Moisture, fairly high temperatures and poor hygiene aid in the proliferation of mycetes.
Other factors can also contribute to the formation of mycosis such as diabetes, old age, excessive sweating, trauma to the nails and poor peripheral blood circulation.
Prevention is very important because mycosis tends to be recurrent, meaning that it often returns.
Always try to keep the hands and feet clean and dry and allow them to breathe. In the case of athlete’s foot, we recommend that cotton socks be used so that your feet do not come into direct contact with the shoes. For skin mycosis, however, be careful at swimming pools, in the showers of gyms and in changing rooms. An effective way to protect against skin mycosis is to use specific prevention products such as clinically tested shower gels, for example, that protect the skin from attack by mycosis fungi.
Skin mycoses, onychomycosis, athlete’s foot and vaginal mycosis are pathologies that can be treated using the correct treatment.
When mycosis affects the nails, either on the hands or feet, it is called onychomycosis. The most common causes of onychomycosis are related to warm and moist environments such as sweaty feet in closed shoes. Even the prolonged use of nail polish which do not allow the nails to breath normally can cause yellowing of the nail, making them more fragile and less shiny.
Infected toenails can then act as a reservoir for fungi, helping to transfer them to other areas of the body and possibly even to other people.
A nail affected by onychomycosis will have the following characteristic features:
white spots on the nails
If you are fond of running or cycling or if you wear closed shoes for many hours a day, then you will have seen redness and cracking in the space between your toes: these are signs of athlete’s foot.
Fungi find the best conditions to reproduce and attack the skin on the feet during the warmer summer months. The disease is transmitted by means of contact, where small fragments of skin detach from an infected foot and are spread around the environment. It can therefore be contracted either directly or indirectly.
Not just warm temperatures, but walking barefoot in a pool area or in gyms and wearing closed shoes for long periods of time are also risk factors for our feet.
The 8 main risk factors are: